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发表于 2011-3-17 22:07:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Beijing (CNN) -- Chinese shoppers in Beijing and Shanghai cleared salt from supermarkets shelves on Thursday morning amid fears of a potential radiation crisis from Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.

Government officials and experts attempted to calm fears by emphasizing that radiation levels in 41 cities across China remain normal.

Staff from multiple branches of the French supermarket chain Carrefour reported that their supplies of salt have been sold out since Thursday morning in Beijing.

A Shanghai branch reported the same.

Small, local and independently-run grocery stores in Beijing told CNN they have also run out of salt supplies for the first time in recent memory.

One customer in the eastern city of Ningbo told the nation's CCTV that she had purchased a five-year supply to placate her family's fears of radiation.

Iodide tablets were also snapped up at many pharmacies in Beijing and Shanghai as of Thursday morning, according to state-run China Daily.

In an attempt to dispel fears, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection released a chart on its website showing radiation levels in 41 cities across China fell within normal ranges.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advised individuals against taking potassium iodide tablets unless the government and public health officials recommend doing so.

Iodine in iodized salt is ineffective for preventing radiation effects, according to the World Health Organization.

It does not contain an adequate amount of the iodine necessary to prevent radioactive iodine from damaging the human thyroid gland. It would take 80 tablespoons of salt to make up one prophylactic, or preventative, iodide tablet.

Medical experts in Beijing say that radiation fears at this time are unfounded.

"Right now here in China there is no reason to panic," said oncologist Dr. Philip Brooks of Beijing United Family Hospital.

"Outside the immediate radiation area of the nuclear facility in Japan, the first thing is to stay calm and to realize there has been no significant exposure or expected exposure in the immediate vicinity now."

Brooks said there is no need to take precaution, and if the situation changes, the public will be notified.

"There is no medicine to be taking, they should not be taking potassium iodide," he said. "They should be just learning the facts."

Salt sold in China is largely iodized in step with a national policy to prevent iodine deficiency disorders.

The nation's major salt supplier, the China National Salt Industry Corp., assured a worried public that there are rich salt reserves to meet demand in the country and hoarding salt is unnecessary, Xinhua news agency said.

「该帖子被 为你弹琴 在 2011-3-17 22:09:39 编辑过」

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 楼主| 发表于 2011-3-17 22:10:01 | 显示全部楼层

Supplies of potassium iodide, a preventive against radiation poisoning of the thyroid gland, are running low at some manufacturers, as Americans seek protection amid fears that radiation from Japan could head to the U.S., according to the companies.

One leading supplier, Anbex Inc., quickly sold out of its supply of more than 10,000 14-tablet packages on Saturday, said Alan Morris, president of the Williamsburg, Va., company.

He said the closely held firm was getting about three orders a minute for $10 packages of its Iosat pills, up from as few as three a week normally.

"Those who don't get it are crying. They're terrified," said Mr. Morris. The company tells callers that the likelihood of dangerous levels of radiation reaching the U.S. is low, but some callers, particularly on the West Coast, remain afraid, Mr. Morris said.

Interest is also high at Fleming Pharmaceuticals, a St. Louis County company that makes potassium iodide in liquid form. "It actually has been insanity here," said Deborah Fleming Wurdack, a co-owner.

The company hasn't accounted for all the recent orders, but Ms. Wurdack estimates the firm is getting dozens of calls an hour, along with emails, requesting the 45-milliliter ThyroShield bottles, which sell for $13.25 each.

Fleming Pharmaceuticals still has supply, but it expects to run out this week, Ms. Wurdack said. It is already planning to make a new round of the bottles, and to order the eyedroppers needed to dispense the solution.

Radioactive iodine can be accidentally released from a nuclear reactor.

Infants are especially at risk of injury, as are young children and people with small amounts of iodine in their thyroid.

Yet the risk is thought to be low that radiation released in Japan will reach the U.S. at dangerous levels. California and Washington state, for instance, have been reassuring residents that monitoring hasn't detected any harmful levels of radiation, and they don't it expect to.

"Japan has an evacuation area of about 12 miles from the nuclear plants. Washington state is 5,000 to 6,000 miles away from Japan," said Tim Church, a spokesman for the Washington State Department of Health.

Likewise, California's Department of Public Health has been advising residents to resist taking precautionary measures like buying potassium iodide, said spokesman Mike Sicilia.

The drug could cause side effects in people who are allergic to shellfish or suffer from thyroid problems, Mr. Sicilia said.

But the public-health agencies said they had been fielding calls from people asking if they should buy potassium iodide.

The drug information center at the University of Utah Hospitals and Clinics has also been receiving inquiries today from people asking about potassium iodide, said Erin Fox, manager of the organization's drug information service.

Purchase of potassium iodide doesn't require a prescription, Ms. Fox said.

Potassium iodide is a salt that stops the body from taking in radioactive iodine that can be emitted during a nuclear emergency.

It fills up the thyroid gland, preventing it from collecting the radioactive material and reducing the risk of cancer, among other things.

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission says evacuation is the best protection, since it protects the entire body, but taking the medicine is helpful if that isn't possible.

The NRC has asked states with residents living within a 10-mile radius of a nuclear-power plant to consider potassium iodide, but hasn't ordered states to make the purchases.

Fleming has received orders from some states that are worried because their stockpiles of potassium iodide will expire in the near future, Ms. Wurdack said. Also making orders, she added, were hospitals and pharmacies.

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发表于 2011-3-17 22:27:08 | 显示全部楼层



















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发表于 2011-3-17 22:28:17 | 显示全部楼层


ROCKOFF由乔纳森。d .






公司并未占最近的所有的订单,但是女士Wurdack估计该公司正在数十个电话一小时,随着电子邮件,要求45-milliliter ThyroShield瓶、销售为$ 13.25每个。

















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 楼主| 发表于 2011-3-17 22:59:54 | 显示全部楼层
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